Modelling and validation of biomass combustion in a screw burner

A combined 1D-fuel-bed and 3D-CFD model for the simulation of an innovative 35 kW screw burner has been developed and validated with experiments. The 1D-fuel-bed model is a further development of a previously presented walking column approach and accounts for the special transport conditions in a screw burner. A new reduced chemical mechanism…

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Scale-up methodology for automatic biomass furnaces

This work presents a methodology to perform the scale-up of a solid fuel furnace to a higher heat output with maintaining or improving the burn-out quality. As basis to derive the scale-up concept, an example of a 35 kW screw burner for biomass fuels is investigated. Based on the Pi-theorem, the relevant dimensionless parameters are derived and similarity rules for the…

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A combined hydrothermal gasification – solid oxide fuel cell system

Hydrothermal gasification (HTG) is a promising technology that allows the recovery of nutrients from wet biomass with simultaneous production of an energy-rich gas. In this work, wastewater effluent (leachate) obtained from a composter sanitary system operating without external connection to sewer pipes was used as a feedstock for HTG process. The leachate effluent was characterized…

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KTT Insight: Portrait of the Fuel Cell Manufacturer SOLIDpower

Researchers at EPFL found a way to produce the core component of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell cheaper and more efficient than existing solutions. Following the start-up textbook they spun off a company to supply exactly this component to the Fuel Cell manufacturers – as lean as possible. But the Fuel Cell manufacturers collapsed…

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